Do you enjoy Calypso mangoes in your salad, but prefer Honey Gold as your cheesecake topping? There are many mango varieties in Australia, and each type is just as mouth-watering as the next. Get an in-depth look at the diverse array we have in our beautiful country with our complete list of mango varieties.
How to identify mango varieties
How many varieties of mango are there in Australia? And what makes a Keitt mango different from a Kent? Getting to know each variety isn’t too difficult. At the end of the day, one thing’s for sure: you’re bound to fall in love with all of them!
Types of mangoes
Australian mango varieties are sweet, golden, and unparalleled. Let’s take a closer look at the 9 famous homegrown varieties:
Mango varieties that are available throughout the fruit-bearing season
Do you suddenly need mangoes in the middle of December for your new recipe? You won’t run out of this delicious tropical fruit during fruit-bearing season with these varieties:
If there’s a popular kid in the Aussie mango bunch, it has to be Kensington Pride. Also known as KP, it is Australia’s most commercially produced mango. Kensington Pride is known by its other names – Bowen or Bowen Special. These mangoes are available from late September to March.
Kensington Pride fruit
A Kensington Pride mango can measure up to 10.6cm in length and weigh between 300-600g. There is a fair amount of fibre in the flesh, which has a sweet tangy flavour when ripe. You’ll know your KP is ready to be plucked off the tree when the fruit starts to emit a mango fragrance. Sun-ripened KP’s are also pliant when touched. The rich orange skin tinged in pink is not a reliable indicator of ripeness.
Having a hard time knowing when your mangoes are sweet enough to be eaten? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered! Our tips on how to ripen a mango will turn your KP’s from sour to succulent in no time.
Kensington Pride trees
Kensington Pride mangoes are vigorous growers. Leave them unpruned and you’ll end up with a tree that can reach up to 8m in height. The foliage forms a dense spreading canopy that’s perfect for creating shade in a spacious backyard. The leaves of this variety have a lovely shade of purple that turn green as they mature.
While KP is the most popular variety, growing these trees doesn’t come without challenges. During phases of excessive growth, Kensington Pride trees have a tendency to flower less, especially in the Northern Territory. They are also known for their unpredictable fruit bearing patterns and low-to-medium yield. During cold weather, there is a low pollination rate for this variety.
Calypso mangoes are similar to Kensington Pride, but with some advantages added in. While both varieties are available from late September to March, Calypsos enjoy a longer shelf life and have smaller seeds than KP’s.
With their deep orange skin tinged with blush, Calypso mangoes are beautiful to behold. Their sweet mild flavour and particularly firm fibreless flesh makes them well-suited for salads and chutney.
Calypso mangoes are not known to be vigorous growers. There’s an upside to this – you’ll need to prune less! A trimming twice a year will keep your tree prepped for fruiting. Unlike KP’s which have an erratic fruiting pattern, Calypsos are pretty predictable. Expect a 70kg fruit yield from an 8- to 9-year-old tree.
R2E2’s are famous for their hefty-sized fruits, which can weigh between 600g to 1kg apiece. These mangoes are available from November through February.
R2E2’s have a sweet mild flavour. The flesh is lemon-yellow, and the skin has a deep orange colour tinged with an orange-red blush. You won’t have to worry so much about how to store mangoes from the R2E2 variety. They are known for their long shelf life, which makes them a popular variety for export.
Just like Kensington Pride, R2E2’s are medium-to-highly vigorous growers. Pruning regularly is a must during the early years to manage the tree’s height. During the first two years of growth, prune your mango tree 2-3 times to maximise the fruit-bearing capacity of its branches.
Honey Gold mangoes are grown in all Australian mainland states except South Australia, and are available from November through March. These mangoes have a long shelf life.
Honey Gold fruit
Honey Gold has firm, fibreless flesh that is suitable for salads and smoothies. The fruit is apricot-yellow and has an intensely sweet flavour. These mangoes can be eaten fresh or frozen, with no stringy hairs that can get stuck between your teeth.
Honey Gold trees
The first Honey Gold tree was bred by chance as a result of a Kensington Pride getting pollinated by an unknown variety. The cultivar is relatively new, but has already gained a following because of its delicious crop.
Mango varieties that are available later in the fruit-bearing season
The first Palmer mangoes in Australia originated from Puerto Rico. Nowadays, Queensland propagates Palmers commercially, but it is still considered a minor variety compared to the more popular cultivars. These mangoes are available from January to March.
Like R2E2’s, Palmers have a sweet mild flavour. The skin is smooth, and tinged with a pinkish hue.
The Palmer tree has an open and spreading canopy. Pruning during the first few years of growth is a must to manage the tree’s shape, as well as to optimise its fruiting potential.
Keitt is a semi-dwarf mango variety. It is also grown commercially in other countries such as Mexico, USA, Israel, and South Africa. This variety is propagated in sub-tropical and tropical regions in Australia, and is available from January to March.
Keitt mangoes have a green-yellow skin colour tinged with a pink or bronze blush. The fruit is quite large and weighs between 400g to 1kg apiece.
Keitt mango trees have an open, spreading shape that needs a regular prune during the first few years of growth. It is not as vigorous as other varieties, and will take 4-6 years to mature and bear fruit well.
Kent mangoes are grown in most Australian states and are available between January through March.
Like Keitts, Kent mangoes are considerable in size and weigh between 400g to 1kg apiece. The flesh of this variety is firm with a sweet flavour. The skin of Kent mangoes is greenish-yellow with a red-purple tinge.
Kent trees are considered medium-sized, and aren’t as vigorous as the Kensington Pride. A regular pruning during the early stages of growth is necessary to build more fruiting terminals.
Pearl mangoes are juicy mangoes that got their name from their lovely pearl flecked skin. They are available through the month of February.
Pearl mangoes are smaller than other mango varieties. Each fruit weighs between 300-400g. Pearls are known to be easy to work with in the kitchen because of their sweet, firm flesh. You can slice, dice, and chop them – there are many ways to cut a mango from this variety. Storing them isn’t a problem, either. These mangoes have a shelf life that extends between 7-21 days, and are known to ripen evenly.
Pearl mango trees are a late maturing variety. As with other varieties, they need plenty of sun and soil with good drainage. Want to learn more about propagating mango trees? Read our comprehensive mango tree guide to learn how.
Originating from Florida, Brooks is the latest maturing Australian mango variety. It is available from February to April.
Brooks has a medium-sized fruit that weighs between 300-800g. What’s unique about Brooks mangoes are their skin colour – it retains a greenish-yellow hue even when ripe. The flesh has a sweet flavour.
Compared to other varieties, Brooks mangoes produce a relatively smaller tree. It is a low-to-medium vigorous grower, and has an upright, open canopy. 6-year-old trees can measure up to 2-4m in height.
Mango tree care
Taking care of fruit trees can be a fun but challenging project for first-timers. With a little help from gardening professionals and some research, you can have a beautiful mango tree right in your own backyard.